The Different Types of Watch Movements: A Guide


A variety of mechanisms can be used to power watches. To keep a watch ticking accurately, each of these mechanisms, known as watch movements, employs a separate technology.

Mechanical movement, automatic movement, and quartz movement are the three main types of watch movements. These types of movement were invented in the order stated above: mechanical first, automated second, and quartz third.

Watchmaking is an art as well as a craft. Making exquisite watches requires talent, precision, and intense attention to detail. The inner workings of a watch, regardless of its movement, are very intricate, and each sort of watch movement is fascinating in its own right. Watchmakers pay close attention to each and every component of a timepiece, and each component of a watch plays an important part in adding to its usefulness and aesthetic attractiveness.

This essay goes over each of the watch movements in detail: mechanical, automatic, and quartz. If you are looking to buy your first watch or are a seasoned pro with a big collection, So, go with Teeanime for all your doubts!


Before we get into the different watch movements, it’s necessary to understand the difference between watch movements and watch kinds. The mechanism that keeps a watch ticking and telling time accurately is its movement. The type of a watch, on the other hand, is its classification based on its design and special features.

Nautical, aviation, racing, field, and dress watches are all popular types of watches. Each of these watch types has unique characteristics that set it apart from the others. Some of these characteristics are practical, known as complications, and provide added convenience to the wearer by displaying the date, another time zone, or other helpful functions. Other characteristics are mainly decorative and might contribute to a watch’s distinct appearance.

There are watches with quartz, automatic, and mechanical movements. The type of movement used to power a watch is unrelated to its classification. In other words, a dive watch, like any other sort of watch, might be quartz, automatic, or mechanical.

Knowing how to choose the greatest watch for you entails investigating watch movements and watch varieties. The movement and kind of a watch can have a significant impact on your watch-wearing experience. You can choose the ideal sort of watch for you based on your lifestyle, hobbies, fashion choices, and other variables.


When watches became fashion and function standards, they were designed to be carried in a pocket on a chain. First pocket watches were mechanical and required the wearer to wound them.

The first wristwatches came in the 1800s and were powered by mechanical movement. Automatic movement followed. This innovative movement first appeared in pocket watches. After WWI, watches started using automated movement.

Seiko released the first quartz-powered watch in the late 1960s. Seiko revolutionized the watch business by using a battery instead of a wound mainspring to power its movement. Since 1969’s release of the Quartz Astron 350SQ, quartz movement has become a competitor to automatic and mechanical movement.

These three watch movements were milestones in watchmaking history. Watchmaking innovations have transformed the world, allowing watch wearers to keep time correctly while sporting a well-made wristwatch.


Mechanical movements powered the first watches. The forefathers of watchmaking created sophisticated mechanical pocket watches by interconnecting gears that all turned at a precise rate to maintain a watch ticking accurately.

A mechanical watch must be wound manually in order to continue ticking and maintaining time. The wearer of a mechanical watch winds it by turning a little metal knob known as the crown. When the wearer winds the watch by twisting the crown, the mechanical watch generates and stores momentum in the mainspring, which is a little piece of coiled metal interconnected with the watch’s gears.

The stored momentum in a mechanical watch’s mainspring is released at specific intervals determined by the complicated construction of the watch. An escapement is a mechanism in a mechanical watch that regulates the mainspring’s release of power to make the watch tick at timed intervals. The escapement, which is one of the most delicate components in a mechanical watch, operates in collaboration with the balance wheel.

Mechanical watches are interesting, and their intricacy qualify them as collector’s goods and works of art. As automatic watch movements and quartz movements have made mechanical watches less widespread on the market, collectors have been even more interested in these timepieces.


Automatic movement made watches lower-maintenance and more user-friendly. First appearing in the late 1700s, automatic movement powered a watch similarly to mechanical movement. Automatic watches were self-winding, using the wearer’s wrist movements to power the watch’s mainspring.

Your wrist movement engages an automatic watch’s weighted rotor. This rotor spins to store energy in the watch’s mainspring, allowing the watch to wind itself. Automatic watches can be manually wound with a crown and stem. The wearer of an automated watch rarely needs to wind it themselves.

A weighted mechanism gives an automatic watch a substantial sensation on the wrist. For many guys, watch weight indicates quality. Like a good pair of trousers, an automatic watch’s weight makes it feel solid, reliable, and comfortable.

Automatic movement made mechanical watches obsolete for many watch aficionados. Others, though, prefer the timelessness of a mechanical watch. While most watch wearers have switched to automatic or quartz movement, some collectors and purists still prefer mechanical watches.


Quartz movement, invented in the mid-20th century, is one of the simplest and most convenient watch-powering technologies. A quartz watch is powered by a battery and does not require winding by the wearer. A quartz watch’s battery generates an electric current, which causes a vibration in a piece of quartz inside the watch. This quartz crystal vibrates at a set frequency, keeping the watch’s ticking accurate.

Quartz watches are extremely precise. Quartz watches, which are lighter than automatic watches and far easier to repair than mechanical watches, have come to dominate the analog watch industry in recent decades. There is still a strong following for automatic watches, as well as a dedicated fringe group who prefer mechanical watches. Quartz, on the other hand, has swiftly become one of the most popular watch movements on the market.


There are a few crucial elements to consider while selecting the best watch for you. As you can see, the various types of watch movements necessitate varying levels of maintenance and upkeep from the wearer of the watch.

Your tolerance for watch upkeep may be lower or higher depending on your level of investment in watch-wearing as a pastime and habit. Mechanical watches often demand the most attention and upkeep from the wearer, owing to the fact that they must be wound manually to continue working. However, many people find that caring for and wearing a mechanical watch is a satisfying experience.

An automatic watch is a good option if you want a timepiece that strikes a good mix between heritage and modernity. Automatic watches require less maintenance than mechanical watches but still use the traditional mainspring mechanism to function. The weightiness of an automatic watch distinguishes it as well, giving it a distinct feel that many watch-wearers appreciate.

Quartz movement is the way to go if you want a watch that is as simple to maintain as possible. A quartz watch provides unrivaled convenience to the wearer, making it simple to match a wonderful watch to your outfits. Quartz watches are great for individuals with very rigorous schedules because they save time and energy.